Infection Control Today (Internet) 05/26/06 According to two articles in the May 25, 2006, issue of the New England Journal of Medicine, seven out of eight infected transplant recipients died from lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) that they almost indisputably received with donated organs. LCVM was “among the first human pathogenic viruses to be isolated” by medical researchers in the mid-1930s. It is one of about 20 members of the virus family Arenaviridae, each one of which in nature infects a separate rodent species that spreads the virus but causes minimal or no overt disease in the rodent host, according to Dr. C.J. Peters, professor of pathology and microbiology and immunology at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston UTMB) and director for biodefense at UTMB’s Center for Biodefense and Emerging Infectious Diseases.