Researchers from UTMB have discovered that, during recent years, several interventions have been introduced aiming to decrease the otitis media burden — and they've been successful. The 11-year study, published online Nov. 25 in the journal JAMA Pediatrics, examined the trends in otitis media-related health care use in the United States. The researchers found there was a downward trend in visits from 2004 to 2011, with a significant drop in children younger than 2 years that coincided with the advent of the 13-valent vaccine, or PCV-13, in 2010. “Otitis media has a high socioeconomic impact worldwide,” said Dr. Tasnee Chonmaitree, the study’s lead author. “In the United States, an estimated $4 billion is spent every year on otitis media-related health care.” The news also appears in Science Codex, Red Orbit, Medical Xpress and Guidry News.